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Penn Wood Primary

and Nursery School

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Whole School Overview

Key features of our Maths curriculum:

• High expectations for every child
• Developing strong mathematical vocabulary
• Conceptual understanding of deeper maths topics
• Reasoning and problem solving
• Fluent recall of mathematical facts
• Calculate with confidence– understand why it works• Research -based curriculum


Mathematics lessons at Penn Wood are made up of several important parts:

Children count every day, practising odd and even numbers; times tables; crossing hundred and thousand boundaries; and much more.  Encourage your child(ren) to become fluent counters by practising regularly at home counting in different amounts, starting at different numbers.  For example, practise counting in 3s, starting from 11, or count in 500s starting at 3200.


Children should be able to explain their thinking about maths topics that they have learned in school.  They tackle questions like: ‘Explain how you know?’; ‘Do you agree or disagree with this answer?’; and ‘Which is the odd one out and why?’.  Help your child(ren) at home by asking them to explain their working out.


Number Facts

It is important that children know a range of number facts appropriate to the level that they are working at. This is because knowledge of number facts enables children to concentrate more on applying their knowledge to solve problems.  Examples of number facts that could be practised at home are: pairs of numbers that make 10, 20, 100, or 1 whole; times tables; equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages; and special numbers like prime numbers. Children in Year 2 to year 6 have logins for times tables rock stars ( which can help them to practise their times tables and related division facts.


Using objects, models and images 
In mathematics lessons, children use a range of equipment and diagrams to help them to understand how numbers work.  This provides pupils with a deep understanding of the subject through a concrete, pictorial and abstract approach (see the diagram below for an example of this approach). This ensures pupils fully understand what they are learning. Ask your child’s teacher for examples that you can use at home.

Maths Through Stories

At Penn Wood, books are the golden thread which run throughout our curriculum; the same is true for mathematics teaching. Stories provide real world examples of many mathematical concepts which helps to deepen children’s understanding. When reading with your child(ren) at home, look for opportunities to discuss mathematical concepts such as counting, money and fractions in the stories you share.


Written Calculations

Children develop a deep understanding of formal written calculations and practise regularly to become fluent.  Speak to your child's teacher to find out the methods that are appropriate for your child's age group.


Tracking Pupil Progress 
At Penn Wood, assessment is continuous. From the beginning of every lesson, teachers and teaching assistants will be assessing what their pupils are, or are not, understanding and use this to scaffold each segment of the lesson. Interventions happen on the same day meaning that misconceptions are dealt with immediately and high attaining pupils are challenged appropriately.

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